There are no unbreakable guidelines with regards to how you ought to create your photos. All things considered, who prefers rules aside from your old fashioned head or heads of H.R. divisions? There are notwithstanding, a few rules you can use to help improve the composition of your photographs.
Above all else we need to characterise what is implied by 'composition'. Composition alludes to the manner in which the different components in a scene are orchestrated inside the casing. As we've just referenced, these are not rigid standards but rather rules. All things considered, a significant number of them have been utilised in craftsmanship for a great many years and they truly help accomplish progressively appealing compositions. We find that we as a rule have at least one of these rules in the rear of our brain as we set up a shot.
Here we list 10 composition rules that may up your photography game and help you enter into the the league of pros!
RULE OF THIRDS:
The rule of thirds is one of the most common rules in photography, and one of the easiest to learn and to use successfully. To understand and use the rule of thirds, simply break up an image into thirds both horizontally and vertically, as seen here. The four intersection points of these lines, and the four lines themselves, are where subjects, or strong compositional lines of a photograph, can be placed to create a strong, balanced image.
CENTRALISED COMPOSITION & SYMMETRY:
Centred Composition and Symmetry means placing your subject at the centre of the frame, such that it splits in half, either horizontally or vertically. Due to perfect symmetry, this composition creates an aesthetically pleasing balance in your image. To achieve proper Centred Composition and Symmetry, you can enable the Grid display option present in the menu of your DSLR. Then, select Live View Mode. Now, you will see grid lines over your subject in real-time on your LCD screen. With the help of these grid lines, try positioning your subject at the exact centre of the frame.
GOLDEN RATIO COMPOSITION:
The Golden Ratio has been used as a powerful composition tool for centuries. It is a design principle based on the ratio of 1 to 1.618. Hailed as 'the perfect number', theGolden Ratio can assist in creating images that have a strong composition, which will attract viewers to your photograph.
Putting it as simply as we can (eek!), the Golden Ratio (also known as the Golden Section, Golden Mean, Divine Proportion or Greek letter (Phi) exists when a line is divided into two parts and the longer part (a) divided by the smaller part (b) is equal to the sum of (a) + (b) divided by (a), which both equal 1.618.
BALANCE ELEMENTS COMPOSITION:
The first compositional guideline we looked at in this tutorial was the ‘rule of thirds’. This of course means that we often place the main subject of the photo to the side of the frame along one of the vertical grid lines. Sometimes this can lead to a lack of balance in the scene. It can leave a sort of ‘void’ in the rest of the frame.
To overcome this, you can compose your shot to include a secondary subject of lesser importance or size on the other side of the frame. This balances out the composition without taking too much focus off the main subject of the photograph.
Leading lines refers to a technique of composition where the viewer of your photos attention is drawn to lines that lead to the main subject of the image. A leading line paves an easy path for the eye to follow through different elements of a photo.
One of the most effective ways is to put your main subject at the end of a leading line. For example, if you're taking a photo of a distant building, try to include a road, path or fence leading up to it. Your eye will be naturally drawn along this to the building itself
Simplicity or using Negative Space (the part of your frame which is. silent and has no visual elements) itself can be a powerful compositional tool. It is often said that ‘less is more’. Simplicity often means taking photos with uncomplicated backgrounds that don’t distract from the main subject. You can also create a simple composition by zooming in on part of your subject and focusing on a particular detail.
DIAGONALS & TRIANGLES:
It is often said that triangles and diagonals add ‘dynamic tension’ to a photo. What do we mean by ‘dynamic tension’ though? This can be a tricky one to explain and can seem a bit pretentious. Look at it this way, horizontal lines and vertical lines suggest stability. If you see a person standing on a level horizontal surface, he will appear to be pretty stable unless he’s stumbling out of a pub at 2am. Put this man on a sloping surface and he’ll seem less stable. This creates a certain level of tension visually. We are not so used to diagonals in our every day life. They subconsciously suggest instability. Incorporating triangles and diagonals into our photos can help create this sense of ‘dynamic tension’.
RULE OF ODDS:
RULE OF ODDS is a lesser known composition rule. Though everyone uses it unintentionally, as it looks most pleasing. According to the rule, the odd numbers of subject in a frame looks visually pleasing more than even numbers. That is, subjects in the no of 1,3,5 etc are better to look at. Though we would not advise to go beyond 3 subjects as the frame starts to look cluttered beyond that. When the odd numbers of subject are distinct and are connected by some imaginary guiding lines, here a straight line is the case.
Sub-framing is a type of compositional technique wherein one or more photo elements are framed by another element. It’s a good way to add interest to the photo, lead the viewer’s eye towards the middle of the sub-frame, and emphasise a subject. It can take any shape or form, as long as it frames and adds focus to the intended subject or scene.
Photographers use manmade sub-frame elements when they want a more symmetrical and predictable shape. Natural sub-frame elements, however, help make for unusual and visually interesting compositions that are more engaging for viewers.
RULE OF SPACE:
The rule of space relates to the direction the subject(s) in your photo are facing or moving towards. If you are taking a photo of a moving car for example, there should be more space left in the frame in front of the car than behind it. This implies that there is space in the frame for the car to move into. This can also be used for pictures of pictures of people. The rule of space suggests that the subject should be looking or facing into the frame rather than out of it. Take a look at the musician in the photo above. I composed the shot with him sitting on the left hand side of the frame. He is facing to the right (as we look at him) into the area of space between him and the right hand edge of the frame. If he had been facing the other way, he would be looking out of the frame and this would look odd. By looking into the space in the frame, he leads our eye past the man leaning on the railing and to the couple dancing on the right hand side.
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Few images used from PetaPixel.